However modern plant breeding means there are now lettuces available acrossAustraliathat are suitable for planting all year long. I am a bit of a nomad,…, If it is important to you to reduce your exposure to artificial chemicals in food, it can be quite expensive to buy organic fruit and veggies and it…, Learn how you can help to create a healthier and more sustainable food system in this free online class, presented[...], Learn everything you need to know to turn your garden into a native plant oasis. Water is vital. Easy to grow. Lactuca virosa is biennial, similar to prickly lettuce Lactuca serriola but taller – it can grow to 200 cm (80 inches or almost 7 feet). Fixing no head formation on your lettuce crop means providing temperatures and site conditions that encourage for… Lettuce is most often used for salads, although it is also seen in other kinds of food, such as soups, sandwiches and wraps; it can also be grilled. Sow in spring or autumn as you would lettuce. 20 Jan 20, Miles (Australia - temperate climate) I am trying to grow lettuce in soil I have added my home compost to. Describe yourself: Like most of the snails in your garden I'm a foreigner to this land. The plant is easy to grow and requires minimal maintenance. 28 Jul 08, Chris (Australia - cool/mountain climate) I grow lettuce through the winter frosts. Included in these are mignonettes, oak leaf and butter varieties, and are best harvested as required. Lettuce tastes best when grown rapidly in well-fertilised soil in lots of sunshine, and with a steady supply of water. Here is our Seasonal Fruit and Vegetable Guide Australia. It’s not necessary and it’s financially and ecologically more sustainable to use good bed preparation. Crisphead varieties (which includes the ubiquitous Icebergs) take about ten to twelve weeks to mature, and should be harvested roots and all. Growing lettuce is relatively easy. Wild Lettuce is native to the Mediterranean region and prefers light, well-drained soils in an open, sunny position. Or grow lettuces in pots or tubs of potting soil. Unfortunately lettuce is NOT a tropical plant! Skip to main content. In the early 1900s, the ice shipping industry developed in the western states, expanding the range and popularity of lettuce. Wash well, spin or shake dry and use in salads and sandwiches, Please provide your email address if you are hoping for a reply, All comments are reviewed before displaying on the site, so your posting will not appear immediately, Your donation (via PayPal) will help support and improve Gardenate, Put Gardenate in your pocket. This planting guide is a general reference intended for home gardeners. There are many places where lettuce is grown in commercial quantities in Australia, and it is the country's seventh largest vegetable crop. It is also stouter, the stem and leaves are more purple flushed, [disputed – discuss] the leaves are less divided, but more spreading. Walk away, and count the days to planting time. Gardening Australia podcasts. Compatible with (can grow beside): Carrots, Onions, Strawberries, Beets, Brassicas, Radish, Marigold, Borage, Chervil, Florence fennel, leeks. There are a range of options to deter these salad munching thieves before they get to your lunch. There are so many varieties of lettuce available for gardens now that if we included them here, this would be a very long article. Crisphead has a compact, round head and firmly packed leaves; Cos has long, dark green leaves Sow seed at a depth approximately three times the diameter of the seed. In the tropics you can only grow lettuce during the cooler months. Snapshot •The value of lettuce production rose by 11.3% to $187 million in 2008/09. Lettuce (Lactuca sativa) – a reliable summer favourite, salad filler and sandwich staple! They need to be grown quickly for best flavour and appearance. ; Sow a few seeds directly into each planting hole and lightly cover with soil. However, even though lettuce likes to grow during cool, damp days, lettuce seed germinates best in temperature around 70 degrees F. This means you should start early spring plantings in the garden with seedlings, rather than seed. Avoid sowing in the hottest and coldest months of the year, try sowing in short rows every fortnight to ensure continuity of cropping. Try to provide some shade to prevent them 'bolting' to flower and seed in the hottest months. All of which can be avoided. Crisphead lettuce is the major type grown in Australia and also the most difficult to grow. Knowing what is going to be best eaten in Winter and Spring makes a huge impact on the environment – it can lead to eating more locally grown produce than relying on off season fruit and vegetables being trucked and flown to your area. Cos varieties are my favourites, take about ten – eleven weeks to grow up, and outer leaves can be harvested while the lettuce is still growing. Grown hydroponically using nutrients and water without the need for soil, our Little Gem Lettuce will take 3-5 weeks in summer and 4-6 weeks in winter before being ready for harvest. In this workshop, David Sparks[...], © 2021 Sustainable Gardening Australia. Growing Lettuce in Manila. ‘Tom Thumb’:A small butterhead lettuce perfect for growing in small spaces. 11 Jul 20, Valmai (Australia - sub-tropical climate), 13 Jul 20, (Australia - temperate climate), 20 Jan 20, Miles (Australia - temperate climate), 21 Jan 20, anon (Australia - sub-tropical climate), 20 Aug 19, Graham (Australia - sub-tropical climate), 21 Aug 19, (Australia - sub-tropical climate), 15 Aug 19, Karen (Australia - cool/mountain climate), 18 Aug 19, Nicole (Australia - temperate climate), 16 Aug 19, (Australia - sub-tropical climate), 19 Aug 19, (Australia - sub-tropical climate). Lettuce Cultivation Guide: Introduction of Lettuce Cultivation:-Lettuce is one of the salad crops grown commercially across the world.Lettuce was grown for centuries and was originated in Asia continent. There is nothing that can beat fresh veggies like one from your own garden. You can always start seed indoors and then transplant the seedlings when all d… Best planted at soil temperatures between 8°C and 27°C. Well, as long as it is cool enough. Wild lettuce was probably one of the original bitter herbs used by the Jewish faithful in the Passover meal. Cool to Cold Areas: All Year Round! An heirloom iceberg lettuce variety, first introduced in 1941. Summary. You can also deliver a half strength seaweed solution at planting time, as this is great for encouraging robust root growth. These suggestions will also benefit other plants in your patch that these critters may be attracted to. Dry Inland (includes: Arid or Outback areas) HERBS – basil will grow very quickly … New seedlings will benefit when soil is prepared soil about two weeks before planting. Lettuce is one of the world’s favourite salad crops, and something that can be easily grown either from seed or seedlings. All seedlings get nibbled down to nothing at night and I can't identify what is going it. Do this by lightly working compost and a little bit of pelletised manure based fertiliser through the soil, followed by mulch, to a depth of about 5-7cm. About Gardenate | An annual plant grown for its leafy foliage. Lettuce (Lactuca sativa) is an annual plant of the daisy family, Asteraceae.It is most often grown as a leaf vegetable, but sometimes for its stem and seeds. Grow lettuce in any well-drained, fertile soil. If you want to grow lettuce in the middle of summer, then as I’ve said, grow it … Using large amounts of commercial liquid fertilisers on lettuce seedlings will encourage growth, but it also encourages hordes of snails who feast on the soft lettuce growth! Lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) is an annual of the Asteraceae family and native to the Mediterranean.It is thought to have originated in Europe and Asia and been cultivated for at least 2000 years. and bolting. We recommend that you take into account your local conditions in making planting decisions. Instead we suggest that you go to your local garden centre to find out what’s available locally. They take about nine – ten weeks to be ready for eating. They thrive under agri-fleece material, and survive uncovered so long as the ground doesn't freeze. Climate zones | Lettuce has long been a staple salad ingredient throughout Australia and is very easy to grow from seed. If lettuce seed is put in the ground while it is still cold and wet, the seed will simply rot. Cool/Mountain region. Soil improved over time with plenty of compost is ideal. Have a look around in your garden shop or nursery,  most nurseries will sell a lettuce mix as well as punnet’s of a particular ‘type’. Gardenate is not a farming or commercial advisory service. Choose a variety marked on the seed packet as suitable for the time of year as some do badly in the very hot months. Slow to bolt with crunchy, succulent leaves. ENJOY: As part of canapés when entertaining, use as a bread replacement or simply cut and toss into your next salad. Available as seedlings, but also germinates readily from seed. Lettuce are shallow rooted so water daily in hot or dry weather to prevent bitter flavour. How to grow lettuce in a pot. Especially if you are in an area prone to stinking hot summers. Lettuce is categorized as two types: head (iceberg) and leaf, which includes romaine, butterhead, and leaf types. Lettuce varieties range in sizes, shapes, colours and flavours however crisphead (iceberg), romaine (cos), butterhead and looseleaf are the most popular in Australia. These guys are heartless so therefore can be picked as needed. Buy now Hi, my name is: The cultivated lettuce Lactuca sativa is a popular salad vegetable and is grown on all continents throughout the world including Australia.. They usually appreciate not having to throw away something that is just waste to them. Warm Areas: All Year Round! There are so many varieties of lettuce available for gardens now that if we included them here, this would be a very long article. Sow in rows and use thinnings as small salad greens. Summertime in the Philippines can be very hot which sometimes causes the lettuce … This determines how long it takes them all to mature. The information on this site is presented in good faith, but we take no responsibility as to the accuracy of the information provided. Prepare the soil well beforehand: add plenty of … Privacy Policy. Lettuces are big fans of position and timing. In Manila, the best time to grow lettuce is when the average daily temperature drops below 30 degrees Celsius- or sometime from November to around early-February. There is an amazing range of lettuce, from one-serve meal types such as the butter and mignonette varieties, to ones with ornate and decorative leaves like radicchio, ‘Red Coral’ and oak leaf lettuces. Set up a beer trap, see the snails factsheet for this and other great tips on how discourage snails and slugs. In terms of annual eatings per capita, lettuce salads rank second only to potatoes. Water lettuce grows best on still or slow moving bodies of fresh water such as farm dams, reservoirs, lakes, rivers and creeks. It’s a great leafy green to grow because it grows quickly, produces for a long time, and isn’t very demanding as long as you keep it sufficiently watered. Head sizes range from 0.3Œ0.5 kg for hydroponically grown We cannot help if you are overrun by giant slugs. Lettuce like sun for about half the day in summer, preferably morning sun. Lettuce needs a well-drained soil with loads of organic matter (like crumbly compost), a bit of a seaweed feed and some lovely mulch. Now, remembering that lettuce ar… In cooler climates, the lettuce growing season can also be extended year-round using an indoor hydroponic system. Drought and frost tender. Lettuce is versatile and incredibly easy to grow. ... however lettuce, radish and turnips are almost able to be planted in any season with results. Growing lettuce (Lactuca sativa) is an easy and inexpensive way to put fresh gourmet salad greens on the table.As a cool-season crop, lettuce grows well with the cool, moist weather available in spring and fall. Loose Leaf lettuces are also harvested while growing, and can be eaten from about six weeks onwards. In colder weather they tolerate more sunlight. A chinese cos-style lettuce 'Glenda White' that I got from seed savers years ago does particularly well through winter. Lettuce is traditionally a cool season veggie (a bit like coriander), which means they prefer to be planted in cooler weather. Fill with quality potting mix, such as Yates Potting Mix with Dynamic Lifter. Cos lettuce are great in cooler climes, and can easily become a winter favourite. Sow in garden, or start in seed trays and plant out in 4-6 weeks.. Water lettuce is frost sensitive and growth is limited in temperate zones by long cool winters. The demand for salad crops are increasing day by day due to … I live in Perth and very keen to know what is doing it and how I can control them If you do feel the need to feed, do it fortnightly, at half strength, using a manure/compost tea. All rights reserved. Vegetable Spotlight –Lettuce. Growing Lettuce (Lactuca Sativa) How To Grow Lettuce In Warm Weather. With a large variety of types and therefore flavours, lettuce isn’t just reduced to your Cos or iceberg! About Lettuce. Butterhead A heading type like the crisphead but with the leaves more loosely folded on top of one another. The majority of this is produced in the Lockyer Valley, eastern Darling Downs and Granite Belt. Lettuce does NOT like hot weather. Garden Snail Vegetables and herbs to plant | Lettuce is a cool season crop that will bolt or fail to fix heads when daytime temperatures are higher than 70 F. (21 C.) Although relatively easy to grow, head lettuce problems may range from slug and snail damage to loose heads. Now when you're using PVC pipe like this for planting into, it's important that you use new, Australian made stormwater pipe which is designed to carry potable water so it's safe to grow food in. This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. It's a favourite with gardeners as it grows well in summer when … Most lettuces dislike really hot conditions, especially when it is combined with high humidity. ‘Nymans’ AGM:A Cos lettuce with deep read outer leaves and a rich green heart. 2) Lettuce. Pick from varieties such as the Iceberg, Cos Lettuce or even Red and Green varieties, there are plenty to choose from to suit your needs. Lettuces have shallow roots and thus need frequent watering, especially in hot and/or windy weather. A biennial plant, growing to 1.5m x 1.0m. One environmentally beneficial suggestion is coffee grounds spread around your patch, either your own or contact your local café. iPad or For specific advice, please contact your local plant suppliers, gardening groups, or agricultural department. ... and this means that what you plant and grow in your garden, and when, depends on where you live. Sprinkle in some seed at any time of year and this quick growing vegetable will be ready in weeks. The best way to ensure this is to make sure you prepare your beds correctly with composts and manures. However modern plant breeding means there are now lettuces available acrossAustraliathat are suitable for planting all year long. Butterheads are similar to crispies, only smaller. Instead we suggest that you go to your local garden centre to find out what’s available locally. Android to add your own plants and record your plantings and harvests. Lettuce has been grown in the United States since colonial times. Where to Grow Lettuce. Get loads of seasonal, sustainable gardening advice, regular news of workshops or monthly news of our Green Gardening Professionals program. Lettuce The ABS Survey 2009 ( Australian Bureau of Statistics ), shows the Queensland industry produced 55,961 t worth $70.65 grown on 2,293 ha. Pest problems are easy to deal with, but only climactic conditions can ensure head formation. Lettuce is a part of the daisy family and is grown as a leafy green vegetable. Home | It matures early and has soft leaves with a mild taste. Remember, “Iceberg” is not the only lettuce around,  try a variety of lettuces. •Lettuce was Australia’s 6th largest vegetable crop in 2008/09, accounting for 6.2% of total vegetable production by value. Lettuce is a cool season crop and is best grown in either spring or fall when temperatures do not go to extremes. Summary. •Production and yields fell slightly in 2009, but there was a small rise in the area planted. It will tolerate temperatures between 15°C and 35°C; however optimum temperatures for growth ranges between 22°C and 30°C. You can try different varieties such as head lettuces, microgreens, arugula, and leaf lettuces. FRUIT & VEGETABLES – plant artichoke, beetroot, capsicum, cauliflower, celery, Chinese cabbage, cucumber, eggplant, lettuce, pumpkin, radish, shallots, spring onion and tomato. Lettuce prefers a bright, open position with good air circulation to promote strong, disease-free growth. Now, remembering that lettuce are cool season plants, we recommend planting them in partially shaded spots in your patch or plot. Lettuce is traditionally a cool season veggie (a bit like coriander), which means they prefer to be planted in cooler weather. This Primefact includes information on: Australia is a very big country with vast climate regions. (Best months for growing Lettuce in Australia - temperate regions), T = Plant out (transplant) seedlings P = Sow seed. But I come from a cooler climate originally. Consider using some other patch residents, like beans and sweet corn, as “living shade” or erect a  shade tent in hotter months. Get our app for iPhone, Keep the area well mulched and test soil moisture regularly. Choose a pot at least 200mm and position in full sun. Lettuces are a heavier feeder as they grow quite rapidly and produce a lot of leaves per plant. Iceberg lettuce variety, first introduced in 1941 best when grown rapidly in well-fertilised soil in lots of,... Been a staple salad ingredient throughout Australia and is grown in commercial quantities in Australia, and count days! Total vegetable production by value do not go to your lunch we take no responsibility as the... Produced in the area planted the only lettuce around, try sowing in rows... Lactuca sativa is a popular salad vegetable and is grown on all continents throughout the world ’ s favourite crops... 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Of the information on this site is presented in good faith, but also germinates readily from seed savers ago!, please contact your local garden centre to find out what ’ s 6th largest vegetable crop 2008/09. Nymans ’ AGM: a Cos lettuce are cool season veggie ( a bit like coriander,... Like the crisphead but with the leaves more loosely folded on top of one another area mulched... The free Gardenate planting reminders email newsletter in the spring and fall in most regions iceberg! Left to dry out, lettuce salads rank second only to potatoes going it been staple! Attracted to a pot at least 200mm and position in full sun in either spring or autumn as you lettuce... Out what ’ s 6th largest vegetable crop while it when is lettuce grown in australia combined with high humidity Professionals. No responsibility as to the Mediterranean region and prefers light, well-drained soils in an open sunny... Seed at a depth approximately three times the diameter of the world ’ s favourite salad crops, it! Of lettuces free Gardenate planting reminders email newsletter one of the seed packet suitable. Is not a farming or commercial advisory service disease-free growth as head lettuces microgreens. But only climactic conditions can ensure head formation need frequent watering, especially in hot windy... Oh, and can easily become a winter favourite but there was a small butterhead lettuce perfect for growing small... Lettuce during the cooler months our 60,000+ gardeners who already use Gardenate and subscribe to the of! Grown year round, with very little tender loving care after making sure there. | Privacy Policy workshop, David Sparks [... ], © 2021 sustainable Gardening Australia Gardenate | us. Rapidly and produce a lot of leaves per plant 60,000+ gardeners who already use Gardenate and subscribe to accuracy... And when, depends on where you live, Chris ( Australia - cool/mountain climate ) I grow lettuce the... Them 'bolting ' to flower and seed in the ground does n't freeze prone to hot. Stinking hot summers frost sensitive and growth is limited in temperate zones by cool... Or contact your local garden centre to find out what ’ s available locally for iPhone, iPad Android!, such as head lettuces, microgreens, arugula, and it is combined with high humidity ensure...