species that are originally from that certain area. 4. Purpose: To understand the importance of biodiversity, calculate the indices of the Simpson’s Index, and quantify the biodiversity of a sample. E [E=H/ln(S)], of each location. Organize your team so that you collect your data as quickly as possible. Our data differs from other groups because we had more plants than they did. Background: A study of biodiversity requires an understanding of several terms and concepts. Before you do the survey: Predict which parking lot (faculty or student) you expect to be most diverse and explain why. As species richness and evenness increase, so diversity increases. October 15, 2014 BIO 153 Lab Report: Species Diversity I. The species present may be native or non-native (alien) or invasive. -a population or group of populations of a particular type of organisms whose members share certain characteristics and can breed freely with one another and produce fertile offspring. Community 3 contains 10 species, with 18 individuals from 2 of the species and 8 individuals from the remaining 8 species. Simpson’s index is a scale ranging from 0 (no heterogeneity and no diversity) to a maximum close to 1 (high heterogeneity or lots of diversity). “Species diversity is perhaps the easiest to understand. Based on your observations during the lab, explain why your prediction in question #1 of the prelab was supported or not supported. APES- Parking Lot Species Diversity Lab The diversity of species present in an ecosystem can be used as one gauge of the health of an ecosystem. As a class, we will be comparing the species diversity of the student and staff parking lots or of different plots taken on the field trip. Species diversity is the measure of the diversity within an ecological community that incorporates species richness and the evenness of species abundances. relative abundance of species present . Species Diversity Lab Grade Sheet. POPULATION A- Senior Parking Lot (on Madonna Dr.) POPULATION B- Faculty Parking Lot (by Cafeteria) Your team will need to count all the various species (Ford, Honda, etc.) 4. Schoolyard Ecology Lab. Background: Biodiversity can be measured in a variety of ways: # of species present = species richness. It uses the value D to indicate the probability that two randomly selected individuals in the community belong to the same species. BACKGROUND: Simpson's Diversity Index is a measure of diversity. in each parking lot to determine the biodiversity index and record all data in the data tables provided. 2. Parking lot species diversity lab ... Postlab Questions--Write out and answer the following questions Identify the parking lot that was the most diverse. If you conducted this lab at a new car dealership, predict whether the Shannon Diversity Index would be high or low, and how it would compare to the school parking lots. If you only have one parking lot available, break the lot into two separate areas to count (Note with this method you may not see as much of a difference in the populations). Background: Biodiversity can be measured in a variety of ways: # of species present = species richness. Each species varied in its abundance because we only observed one spider, one black bug, five green bugs, one unknown plant, fifty ants under a rock, ten hind’s willow, sixty leafs of an unknown plant and other species as shown in our data above. After reading the lab, create your own purpose below: _____ _____ Pre-Lab Discussion Biodiversity, or the variety of species in a given area, is a growing issue for habitats around the world and more and more species become extinct or near extinction. After calculating . 2. n p N i i = H' S 1 p [ln(p )]ii i= Calculate and compare species richness (N) for the different parking lots. Example: Count the number of individuals of different “species” of cars in each parking lot “community.” The number of “species … If you conducted this lab in a shopping mall parking lot, predict whether the diversity index would be high or low, and how it would compare to the school parking lots. Based on your observations during the lab, explain why your prediction in question #2 of the prelab was supported or not supported. After determining the number of each species (car), in each parking lot, the Shannon Diversity Index will be calculated separately for the student lot and the staff lot. Objective: Students will increase understanding of biodiversity. Calculate the Shannon-Weiner Indices for both populations. Diversity Index. Species richness is a measure of the number of different species present in an ecosystem, while species evenness measures the relative abundance of the various populations present in an ecosystem. Experimental ideas are created through our Hackathons and piloted in collaboration with more than 150 top law firms and legal departments across the country. The diversity of species present in an ecosystem can be used as one gauge of the health of an ecosystem. I predict that the shopping mall would have a high Shannon Diversity Index, possibly even higher than the school. Species Diversity Lab 1. Based on your observations during the lab, explain why your prediction in question #1 of the prelab was supported or not supported. Introduction The diversity of species in an ecosystem can be used to determine the health of an ecosystem. An effort to breed North American ash trees that can resist a deadly beetle could accelerate the return of a forest icon. During this lab we went out to Arroyo Seco to gather information about the different biodiversity in a certain area. Identify the parking lot that was the most diverse. 5. S p i = n After determining the number of each species (car), in each parking lot, the Shannon Diversity Index will be calculated separately for the student lot and the staff lot. The minimum Shannon Diversity Index was in the staff parking lot (2.372) and the maximum Shannon Diversity Index was in the student parking lot (2.375). The adult parking lot was the most diverse. A rich ecosystem with high species diversity has a large value for the Shannon Diversity Index (H'), while an ecosystem with little diversity has a … The species … H, calculate the species evenness . biodiversity, which often serves as a measure of the overall health of an ecosystem. APES: FORMAL LAB Parking Lot Diversity. ... it would be better to move the parking area near a more isolated place. Schoolyard Ecology Lab. Time: 40 minutes . After determining the number of each species (car), in each parking lot, the Shannon Diversity Index will be calculated separately for each lot. You must provide an example of each calculation in your lab write-up. ii. In the staff parking lot, the most abundant species was Ford vehicles. Diversity is often considered to be a … Species Parking Lot Lab 10/19/17. III. IV. Introduction The diversity of species in an ecosystem can be used to determine the health of an ecosystem. in each parking lot to determine the biodiversity. If your school has multiple parking lots consider each lot a separate community of species. Post Lab Questions 1. As a class, we will be comparing the species diversity of the student and staff parking lots or of different plots taken on the field trip. These two measurements species richness and evenness together allow us to consider species diversity of an ecosystem. In ecology, it is often used to quantify the biodiversity of a habitat. Count the number and variety of cars in your groups’ portion of the parking lot. Write out and answer the following questions. Species richness is a measure of the number of different species present in an ecosystem, while species evenness measures the relative abundance of the various populations present in an ecosystem. Community 3 contains 10 species, with 18 individuals from 2 of the species and 8 individuals from the remaining 8 species. Field Study. relative abundance of species present . -         There are many ants under one rock, -         There is one spider moving around. Species Diversity Lab The diversity of species present in an ecosystem can be used as one gauge of the health of an ecosystem. 4. October 2017 A decadeslong decline in research funding had been slowly quieting the place—and then came the pandemic. Our calculations might have not been accurate since we might have not had an accurate number of the species. We decided to record this types of species because they were the most abundant within the plot and some of them where the only ones we observed in that area. In this activity your "ecosystem" will be the school parking lot or a natural area on a field trip, and the "species" will be the different car models and colors for the parking lot or real species for a field trip. Overall, we did find different biodiversities within our area and we wonder how many more species would we have discovered if we would have had a bigger plot are or what does the human interactions affect our data. In this activity your "ecosystem" will be the school parking lot or a natural area on a field trip, and the "species" will be the different car models and colors for the parking lot or real species for a field trip. Purpose. Example: Count the number of individuals of different “species” of cars in each parking lot “community.” The number of “species … A rich ecosystem with high species diversity has a large value for the Shannon Diversity Index (H'), while an ecosystem with little diversity has a low H'. Index). Species Diversity Lab. With a Shannon Diversity Index of 2.375, the student parking lot was more diverse than the staff parking lot with its Shannon Diversity Index of 2.372. Calculate the Simpson Diversity Index for the parking lot. -         There is a lot of dirt, sand, plants, and trees. Ecosystem-all organisms and nonliving entities that occur and interact in a particular area at the same time. BRUSH Summer Research Program for Students Underrepresented in Biomedical Sciences. Answer all the conclusion questions. The Simpson’s index ranges from 0 to 1, where 0 means no diversity and 1 means infinite diversity. Parking Lot Ecology Lab Exploring Biodiversity Purpose: To develop an understanding of the Shannon-Wiener diversity index and species richness as tools for measuring biodiversity and to understand the process of conducting a biodiversity study. If you conducted this lab in a shopping mall parking lot, predict whether the Shannon Diversity Index would be high or low, and how it would compare to the school parking lots. Count at least 30 cars in the lot. Identify the parking lot that was the most diverse. Also, recently many new medicines have been discovered by screening thousands of organisms for anti-cancer and antiviral properties. In the student parking lot, the most abundant species was Chevy vehicles. In order to proceed with this lab we used our notebooks to record data and used a string to measure our area which was 32 inches radius. Section 2: The Lab! It is commonly thought that the the more diverse an ecosystem is the more resistant it will be to environmental insult. Identify the parking lot that was the most diverse. If you conducted this lab at a new car dealership, predict whether the diversity index would be high or low, and how it would compare to the school parking lots. ... Write out and answer the following questions. diversity in communities and then use that value when describing or comparing communities. In this lab you will calculate the Shannon Diversity Index for cars in a parking lot. You may do calculations by hand or use a spreadsheet. Materials: vehicles parked at the school, calculator, graph paper . After determining the number of each species (car), in each parking lot, the Simpsons Diversity Index will be calculated separately for the student lot and the staff lot. In this activity we will use three indices of diversity to measure the species diversity of the cars in the faculty and student parking lots. Based on your observations during the lab, explain why your prediction in question #1 of the prelab was supported or not supported. We will use the Simpson’s Index of Diversity to compare the species diversity (different manufacturers of cars) of two ecosystems (student vs. faculty parking spaces). The formula is: R = s Where: s = the number of species . We think that within that plot area there was more biodiversity but we weren’t able to identify them since the plant looked mostly the same. Within our plot area we found nine different species. If you conducted this lab at a new car dealership, predict whether the diversity index would be high or low, and how it would compare to the school parking lots. It is YOUR responsibility to organize the data into a chart and do all of the calculations on your OWN. If you conducted this lab at a new car dealership, predict whether the Shannon Diversity Index would be high or low, and how it would compare to the school parking lots. 5. Count at least 30 cars in the lot. Based on your observations during the lab, explain why your prediction in question #1 of the prelab was supported or not supported. Write out and answer the following questions. Count the number and variety of cars in your groups’ portion of the parking lot. All cars in entire parking lot. List the single most abundant species in each set of data, and write a plausible explanation to explan why these are the most abundant species. Index). H, calculate the species evenness . student parking lots. Prepare a data table. 4. The formula is: R = s As species richness and evenness increase, so diversity increases. You will first calculate the Shannon Diversity Index for the two ecosystems. Species Diversity Index - Student Parking Lot, Species Diversity Index - Staff Parking Lot. Another human factor which causes a loss in biodiversity is litter. Visit the parking areas (“islands”) and count species numbers of different types of each car and the number of individuals of each species. E [E=H/ln(S)], of each location. Calculate the biodiversity indices of all three groups. Indices of Diversity: Species Richness (R) The species richness is based solely on the number of species found in the given area and does not reflect the relative dominance of species. Purpose. Shannon Diversity Index. 1. Calculate the total number of different species in the parking lot. Post lab Questions— Write out and answer the following questions. Based on your observations during the lab, explain why your prediction in question #2 of the prelab was supported or not supported. Get summaries cars in three specific groups: Front of the Building. I predict that the new car dealership would have a low Shannon Diversity Index, lower than the school, because most of the cars would be the same brand because dealerships usually deal cars from he same maker. The greater the value of D, the lower the diversity. 5. Share data with a group that chose a different plot area. This lab will be completed within the timespan of a week. If your school has multiple parking lots consider each lot a separate community of species. 11. Answer the analysis questions The Simpson Diversity Index is one of the most commonly used measures of species diversity. Our prediction was correct, because we predicted that the student parking lot would be move diverse. Simpson's Diversity Index is a measure of diversity. Click to set custom HTML. “Auto”-Diversity Lab Name: _____ Date: _____ Per:_____ Purpose: To determine the difference in biodiversity between staff and student cars. A rich ecosystem with high species diversity has a large value for the Shannon Diversity Index (H'), while an ecosystem with little diversity has a low H'. Diversity Lab is an incubator for innovative ideas and solutions that boost diversity and inclusion in law. Select “cars” such by color and make for which you plan to measure species richness and species diversity. A rich ecosystem with high species diversity has a large value for the Simpsons Diversity Index (D), while an ecosystem with little diversity … Calculate the biodiversity indices of all three groups. 5. 1. We had predicted that we would only find five different species however; our hypothesis was wrong because we ended up finding more than five. - The student parking lot was the most diverse with a Shannon Diversity Index of 2.375, compared to the staff parking lot's diversity index of 2.372. 1. Post-lab Questions: 1. Species diversity is the measure of the diversity within an ecological community that incorporates species richness and the evenness of species abundances. Lab: Parking Lot Biodiversity. Background: A paragraph at least (use the internet or your book – chapter 12 talks about reasons for biodiversity decline worldwide) Hypothesis: If we measure the biodiversity of the faculty parking lot and the student parking lot, … However, we both observed ants in our plots. In this activity we will use three indices of diversity to measure the species diversity of the cars in the faculty and student parking lots. In an ecological survey designed to determine species diversity, a wildlife biologist might estimate the number of individuals of each species present in an area, then calculate a "diversity index" for the area. Background: In this activity your "ecosystem" will be the school parking lot, and the "species" will be the cars. Calculate the total number of different species in the parking lot. A rich ecosystem with high species diversity has a large value for the Shannon Diversity Index (H'), while an ecosystem with little diversity has a low H'. Biodiversity Lab Background A central theme in ecology is biodiversity, which often serves as a measure of the overall health of the ecosystem. 3. Data table: POPULATION A- Senior Parking Lot (Madonna) Add car “species” as needed. The purpose of this lab is to review the organisms found and determine the biodiversity of the ecosystem. Background: A paragraph at least (use the internet or your book – chapter 12 talks about reasons for biodiversity decline worldwide) Hypothesis: If we measure the biodiversity of the faculty parking lot and the student parking lot, … diversity index we will use is the Shannon Diversity Index. Shannon Diversity Index. This could prevent pollution, and ultimately the harmful affect on the soil. Identify the parking lot that was the most diverse. The lab write up… Title. Additionally, both brands are made in America, and this area is relatively conservative as far as California goes. Purpose: To develop an understanding of the Simpsons diversity index and species richness as tools for quantifying biodiversity and assessing human impacts on the environment. Copy their data table for comparison. On a weekday morning in August, just one pickup truck sat in the sprawling visitors' parking lot here at this U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) facility. September 2017 Lab # 5 “Species” Diversity Lab The diversity of species present in an ecosystem can be used as one gauge of the health of an ecosystem. Species Diversity LAb. It takes into account the number of species present, as well as the abundance of each species. The calculations of species diversity, evenness, and richness are the same as for a natural environment. APES- Parking Lot Species Diversity Lab. The diversity index we will use is the Shannon Diversity Index. Lab Team Number:_____ The Simpson Diversity Index It is sometimes useful to have an overall measure of species richness in an ecosystem. Justify your answer with data. Identify the parking lot that was the most diverse. I. Framing the Investigation: Background … Parking Lot 1 Name _____ Date _____ Period _____ Parking Lot Biodiversity Purpose After reading the lab, create your own purpose below: _____ _____ Pre-Lab Discussion Biodiversity, or the variety of species in a given area, is a growing issue for habitats around -The student parking lot was the most diverse because it had more of a variety of brands than the staff parking lot. If you conducted this lab in a shopping mall parking lot, predict whether the diversity index would be high or low, and how it would compare to the school parking lots. Based on your observations during the lab, explain why your prediction in question #1 of the prelab was supported or not supported. Exploring Biodiversity. After determining the numb er of each species (car), in each parking lot, the Shannon Diversity Index will be calculated separately for the student lot and the staff lot. -all organisms and nonliving entities that occur and interact in a particular area at the same time. -an assemblage of populations of organisms that live in the same place at the same time. After determining the number of each species (car), in each parking lot, the Shannon Diversity Index will be calculated separately for the student lot and the staff lot. Many different kinds of plants, mammals, birds, fish, and other organisms make up our living world. Purpose: To understand the importance of biodiversity, calculate the indices of the Simpson’s Index, and quantify the biodiversity of a sample. -the sum total of all organisms in an area, taking into account the diversity of species, their genes, their populations, and their communities. BACKGROUND: Simpson's Diversity Index is a measure of diversity. As a class, we will be comparing the species diversity of the student and staff parking lots or of different plots taken on the field trip. Lab: Parking Lot Biodiversity. Developed by E. A. Betts . -a group of organisms of the same species that live in the same are. If you conducted this lab in a shopping mall parking lot, predict whether the Shannon Diversity Index would be high or low, and how it would compare to the school parking lots. 1. Species Diversity Lab. Adapted from: Schoolyard Ecology Lab. Don’t Use “Parking Lot Biodiversity Lab” Also include your name, start and end date of the experiment, class, period, and names of persons performing the experiment in your group. Species may be plants, animals, fungi or microbes. After determining the numb er of each species (car), in each parking lot, the Shannon Diversity Index will be calculated separately for the student lot and the staff lot. p i = H' = - … Species richness is a measure of the number of different species present in an ecosystem, while species evenness measures the relative abundance of the various populations present in an ecosystem. More people from surrounding areas would be there, so it would be a greater sampling of "species". (For example, if we have a sample of 100 fish containing only 2 species, this sample is equitable if there are 50 of each species. Identify the parking lot that was the most diverse. Identify the parking lot that was the most diverse. species that are not originally from that are but are brought in. After determining the number of each species (car), in each parking lot, the Shannon Diversity Index will be calculated separately for the student lot and the staff lot. tat-the specific environment in which an organism lives, including both biotic and a biotic factor. A rich ecosystem with high species diversity has a large value for the Shannon Diversity Index (H'), while an ecosystem with little diversity has a low H'. Species Diversity Lab Background The diversity of species present in an ecosystem can be used as one gauge of the health of an ecosystem. Individually calculate the Simpson’s Diversity Index for each parking lot. Purpose: To develop an understanding of the Shannon-Wiener diversity index and species richness as tools for quantifying biodiversity and assessing human impacts on the environment. Adult Parking Lot. The Simpson’s index ranges from 0 to 1, where 0 means no diversity and 1 means infinite diversity. ... and how it would compare to the school parking lots. August 2017. Answer all the conclusion questions. 3. - The student parking lot was the most diverse. A.P.E.S. POPULATION B- Faculty Parking Lot (by Cafeteria) c. Your team will need to count all the various species (Ford, Honda, etc.) Biodiversity refers to the heterogeneity of individuals in a given community, ecosystem, region, country, continent, or in the world. Answer the Pre-Lab Questions 2. Organize your team so that you collect your data as quickly as possible. SPECIES BIODIVERSITY LAB . - The student parking lot was more diverse. The lab write up… Title. ... Fellowships and Externships in Lab Animal Medicine. A rich ecosystem with high species diversity has a large value for the Shannon Diversity Index (H'), while an ecosystem with little diversity has a low H'. Back of the Building. Section 1: Prelab Reading, Practice & Questions. The calculations of species diversity, evenness, and richness are the same as for a natural environment. In ecology, it is often used to quantify the biodiversity of a habitat. With a Shannon Diversity Index of 2.375, the student parking lot was more diverse than the staff parking lot with its Shannon Diversity Index of 2.372. After determining the number of each species (car), in each parking lot, the Shannon Diversity Index will be calculated separately for the student lot and the staff lot. A rich ecosystem with high species diversity has a large value for the Shannon Diversity Index (H'), while an ecosystem with little diversity has a low H'. Parking Lot Ecology Lab Exploring Biodiversity Purpose: To develop an understanding of the Shannon-Wiener diversity index and species richness as tools for measuring biodiversity and to understand the process of conducting a biodiversity study. 1. In this lab you will calculate the Shannon Diversity Index for cars in a parking lot. My prediction was supported because the more brands of cars there were, the more diverse the parking lot was. Identify the parking lot that was the most diverse. ... Two major factors for measuring diversity are species richness and evenness. Background: A study of biodiversity requires an understanding of several terms and concepts. Calculate the Simpson Diversity Index for the parking lot. A rich ecosystem with high species diversity has a large value for the Shannon Diversity Index (H'), while an ecosystem with little diversity has a low H'. In Kentucky, there are more than 3,000 known species of plants, 230 known fish species, 105 species of amphibians/reptiles, 350 bird species, 75 species of mammals, and an unknown Based on your observations during the lab, explain why your prediction in question #1 of the prelab was supported or not supported. October 15, 2014 BIO 153 Lab Report: Species Diversity I. 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