She died in 1958 from breast cancer in her home in Dorking, Surrey. She went on to do postgraduate studies in paleobotany (fossil plants), earning a doctorate from the University of Munich in 1904. If you think this file should be featured on Wikimedia Commons as well, feel free to nominate it . As a young girl, Stopes said she would spend the first twenty years of her life in science, the second twenty years of her life in social projects and the last twenty years of her life writing poetry. Marie Stopes : biography 15 October 1880 – 2 October 1958 A few months later, Stopes, who had become enthusiastic about a contraceptive device called the "Gold-pin" which was reportedly successful in America, contacted a young Australian doctor in London, Norman Haire, and asked if he would be interested in running a clinical trial of […] Read more. AUTHORITIES. In 1918, she published a book, Married Love, which argued for greater equality between men and women in marriage. In 1922, a Roman Catholic doctor Halliday Sutherland wrote a book Birth Control attacking Stopes for her support of the cervical cap. It is worth noting she was opposed to abortion. Read honest and unbiased product reviews from our users. Posthumously, an English Heritage blue plaque was erected in Upper Norwood, where she lived from 1880 to 1892, in her commemoration. Updates? Read honest and unbiased product reviews from our users. Northern Irish clients can access abortion care in our network of over 60 Marie Stopes UK clinics all over England, including Liverpool and Manchester. She married her first husband, a botanist named Reginald Ruggles Gates, in 1911. Her failed marriage and its eventual annulment in 1916 played a large role in determining her future career, causing her to turn her attention to the issues of sex, marriage, and childbirth and their meaning in society. Marie Carmichael Stopes D.Sc, PhD was a Scottish author, palaeobotanist and campaigner for women’s rights. Published 12 Jan 2012. Her parents were both well-educated with successful careers: her father, Henry Stopes, was an architect, and her mother, Charlotte Carmichael Stopes, was a Shakespeare expert who had been the first female graduate of a Scottish university. MSI Reproductive Choices, named Marie Stopes International until November 2020, is an international non-governmental organisation providing contraception and safe abortion services in 37 countries around the world. It is my hope that this book may serve the State by adding to their number. As we launch our new vision, we are changing our name from Marie Stopes International to MSI Reproductive Choices, reflecting our fundamental commitment to choice. Her work went a long way to changing attitudes to contraception, and making it more freely available. Marie Stopes (1880-1958) Marie Carmichael Stopes D.Sc, PhD was a Scottish author, palaeobotanist and campaigner for women’s rights. In 1921, she opened the UK’s first family planning clinic in Holloway, London. Marie Stopes is widely lauded today as a feminist hero and women’s rights campaigner. She wrote a best-selling sex-manual for women and was a controversial birth control pioneer. Marie Stopes was a leading advocate of women's rights and birth control. That same year she became founder and president of the Society for Constructive Birth Control, a platform from which she spoke widely about the benefits of married women having healthy, desired babies—essentially promoting the idea of eugenic birth control. Hall, ‘Stopes [married name Roe], Marie Charlotte Carmichael’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford, 2004) (subscription required: accessed 14 Oct 2020) Ruth Hall, Marie Stopes: A Biography (London, 1977) June Rose, Marie Stopes and the Sexual Revolution (London,1992) Married Love or Love in Marriage is a book by British academic Marie Stopes. Stopes' newsletter Birth Control News, her book Married Love, and her organisation Marie Stopes International, were hugely important in Britain and throughout the British Empire. Below are references indicating presence of this name in another database or other reference material. Omissions? She argued that access to contraception was the best way to prevent unwanted pregnancies, particularly among working class people who often couldn’t afford another mouth to feed, but who also had no means to afford sex … Photo: Wikipedia. During the pre-war years, many families were pushed into poverty because they struggled to feed and clothe their children. Marie Stopes was born on October 15, 1880 to Henry Stopes and Charlotte Carmichael Stopes in Edinburgh. The building was the Marie Stopes Mothers’ Clinic in Whitfield Street, central London, which in 1925, Marie Stopes, a non-medical doctor, had opened despite opposition from a male-dominated medical establishment and the Catholic church. Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible orders. She also became very well known for her work in family planning which made her a national figure of some controversy. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). ,Stopes was educated as a scientist. In the meantime she wrote Married Love and Wise Parenthood (both 1918), which were widely translated. Marie Stopes books helped to change some of the old-fashioned Victorian attitudes and ignorance to marriage. In 1921 Sanger founded…. The Medico-legal Journal. “Biography of Marie Stopes“, Oxford, UK – www.biographyonline.net. This included attending a conference held in Nazi Germany in 1935. The parent body of Marie Stopes Clinics round the world is now called Marie Stopes … 288pp. Although her clinical work, writings, and speeches evoked violent opposition, especially from Roman Catholics, she greatly influenced the Church of England’s gradual relaxation (from 1930) of its stand against birth control. The book begins by stating that 'More than ever to-day are happy homes needed. Their original birth-control clinic—designed to educate women about the few methods of birth control available to them—was founded three years later, in the working-class Holloway district of London. Although she lost the case, she gained widespread support and won an appeal in the High Court – though this appeal was overturned. She was born in Scotland to Henry Stopes and Charlotte Carmichael Stopes. She became a leading 20th-century campaigner for women’s rights and birth control. Stopes attended University College London where she studied Botany and Geology and gained a first class degree in 1902. 1993. Stopes would later assert that her marriage was unconsummated and that she knew little about sex when she first married. Her views were radical for the time and generated great publicity. After World War II she promoted birth control in East Asian countries. Marie Stopes and the Sexual Revolution. Marie Stopes, a biography by Ruth E Hall ISBN 13: 9780233968797 ISBN 10: 0233968792 Hardcover; London: Deutsch, 1977; ISBN-13: 978-0233968797 Lesley A. // 15th Oct 1880. “That girls can reach a marriageable age without some knowledge of the realities of sex would seem incredible: but it is a fact. After her first degree, she made more studies in Palaeobotany, including a scientific mission to Japan in 1907. However, Stopes also was a staunch supporter of eugenics, and she advocated for eugenic birth control, wherein inferior women of the lower classes would be prevented from having children. She was an influential figure in the early family planning movement, helping to break down taboos on issues such as contraception. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. Stopes attended University College London where she studied Botany and Geology and gained a first class […] Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Desperate parents of large families often wrote to Stopes, hoping she could help to limit their family size. Our clinics. Marie Stopes was a British author and palaeobotanist who is known for her pioneering work in popularizing the importance of birth control and use of contraceptives in England. Buy Marie Stopes : A Biography New edition by Hall, Ruth (ISBN: 9780860680925) from Amazon's Book Store. Marie Stopes, who wrote probably the first sex guide in modern times, was a deeply narcissistic individual who thought that the Pope's encyclical Humanae Vitae was aimed at her personally, and wrote to the Pope accordingly. Find helpful customer reviews and review ratings for Marie Stopes : A Biography at Amazon.com. Read more. Find helpful customer reviews and review ratings for Marie Stopes : A Biography at Amazon.com. She was the founder of British family planning, and fought many battles in print with those whose opinions differed … We have over 60 clinics across England, which provide high-quality reproductive health services to over 70,000 people each year. They had one son born in 1924. Marie Stopes at her laboratory in the Victoria University of Manchester. She specialized in fossil plants and the problems of coal mining. The BBC history page dedicated to Marie Stopes describes her as a: ‘campaigner for women’s rights and a pioneer in the field of family planning’ and says nothing negative about her. People Who Made a Difference in Health Care, Facts about the extraordinary life of Joan of Arc. Stopes obtained a science degree (1902) from University College, London, which she completed in only two years. Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible orders. Select Your Cookie Preferences. Marie Stopes International, one of the world’s largest abortion providers, is changing its name due to unwanted attention that its founder was a eugenicist and a racist. She was later made the first female academic at the University of Manchester. Marie Charlotte Stopes was born in Edinburgh, Scotland, on October 15, 1880. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. In the 1930s, she was also involved in the Eugenics movement arguing for the forcible sterilisation of those totally unfit for parenthood. “Far too often, marriage puts an end to woman’s intellectual life. Feb 28, 2012 - Marie Stopes (1880-1958) Marie Carmichael Stopes D.Sc, PhD was a Scottish author, palaeobotanist and campaigner for women’s rights. She was an influential figure in the early family planning movement, helping to break down taboos on issues such as contraception. Stopes attended University College London where she studied Botany and Geology and gained a first class degree in 1902. Stopes sued for libel. It also provided tips for sex and contraception. The BBC history page dedicated to Marie Stopes introduces her as a “campaigner for women’s rights and a pioneer in the field of family planning” and says nothing negative about her. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Marie-Stopes, The Embryo Project Encyclopedia - Marie Charlotte Carmichael Stopes, Spartacus Educational - Biography of Marie Stopes, Marie Stopes - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Marie Stopes was born into a middle-class Victorian family. Marie Stopes (1880-1958) shook the world. Marriage can never reach its full stature until women possess as much intellectual freedom and freedom of opportunity within it as do their partners.”. Citation: Pettinger, Tejvan. Although her clinical work, writings, and speeches evoked violent opposition, especially from Roman Catholics, she greatly influenced the Church of England’s gradual London: Faber and Faber. Marie Stopes International as an organisation lobbies in favour of access to abortion, and provides a variety of sexual and reproductive healthcare services including advice, vasectomies, and abortions in the UK and other countries where it is legal to do so Corrections? From overcoming oppression, to breaking rules, to reimagining the world or waging a rebellion, these women of history have a story to tell. The Marie Stopes Clinic. 26 (2): 70–71. PMID 13622045. She was highly controversial and divisive, but her influence on sexual and reproductive health remains strong over 50 years after her death. Most of the sources listed are encyclopedic in nature but might be limited to a specific field, such as musicians or film directors. • "Dr. Marie Stopes". Marie Stopes is widely lauded today as a feminist hero and women’s rights campaigner. She initially saw birth control as an aid to marriage fulfillment and as a means to save women from the physical strain of excessive childbearing. Stopes opened the UK's first family planning clinic at 61, Marlborough Road, Holloway, North London on 17 March 1921. In 1925 the Mothers' Clinic moved to Central London, where it remains to this day. Marie Stopes, 1918 ©Stopes was a campaigner for women's rights and a pioneer in the field of family planning. 1958. doi:10.1177/002581725802600205. Marie Stopes married Humphrey Verdon Roe in 1918. One highly educated lady whom I know intimately told me that when she was about eighteen she suffered many months of agonizing apprehension that she was about to have a baby, because a man had snatched a kiss from her lips at a dance.”. Her stance and willingness to protest at places of worship led her into conflict with the Church of England and the Catholic Church. MSI 2030. Stopes grew up in a wealthy, educated family; her father was an architect, her mother a scholar of Shakespeare and an advocate for the education of women. That same year she became an assistant lecturer of botany at the University of Manchester. It was one of the first books openly to discuss birth control. File:Marie Stopes in her laboratory, 1904.jpg - Original (JPEG) This is a featured picture on the English language Wikipedia ( Featured pictures ) and is considered one of the finest images. Marie Stopes biography timelines // 1880 To 1892. Buy Marie Stopes, a biography by Ruth E Hall (ISBN: ) from Amazon's Book Store. Marie Stopes, in full Marie Charlotte Carmichael Stopes, (born October 15, 1880, Edinburgh, Scotland—died October 2, 1958, near Dorking, Surrey, England), advocate of birth control who, in 1921, founded the United Kingdom’s first instructional clinic for contraception. Roe aircraft firm, who also had strong interests in the birth-control movement. Marie Carmichael Stopes was a British palaeobotanist, author and campaigner for birth control. Last updated 18 September 2019. The clinic which moved to Central London in 1925, is still in operation today. Biographies in her lifetime were written by acquaintances and vetted by her. She was the foremost advocator of contraception and an influential leader of the early family planning movement. Her clinics only provided contraception. The work of Sanger and Stopes reached only a small fraction of the millions of couples who in the 1920s and ’30s lived in a world irrevocably altered by World War I, crushed by economic depression, and striving for the then lowest birth rates in history. Her advocacy of a more liberal approach to sex and family planning, pre-dated the 1960s sexual revolution and liberal attitudes which were later adopted. In 1918 Stopes married Humphrey Verdon Roe, cofounder of the A.V. He helped her in the crusade that she then began. Dr. Marie Stopes was an impassioned, strategic British scientist who left academia to focus on the availability of contraceptives for all people, regardless of their class. She was an influential figure in the early family planning movement, helping to break down taboos on issues such as contraception. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Meet extraordinary women who dared to bring gender equality and other issues to the forefront. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. In 1930, she played a role in forming the National Birth Control Council and became a leading advocate for making contraception more freely available. Marie Stopes, advocate of birth control who, in 1921, founded the United Kingdom’s first instructional clinic for contraception. 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