© copyright 2003-2021 Study.com. Their economy was entirely unique amongst the trade-based cities of Greece, but unique is just the way that Spartans wanted their society to be. This break with tradition was driven by the need to pay mercenaries in his war against Macedonia, Sparta no longer having the manpower to raise a citizen army. The first “God of War” game was made for the Play Station 2 console. The first-century historian Plutarch says of the legendary Spartan lawgiver, Lycurgus (seventh century BCE): “…[H]e commanded that all gold and silver coin should be called in, and that only a sort of money made of iron should be current, a great weight and quantity of which was but very little worth; so that to lay up twenty or thirty pounds there was required a pretty large closet, and, to remove it, nothing less than a yoke of oxen…For the iron money could not be carried into the rest of Greece, nor had it any value there, but was rather held in ridicule.”. The Spartan currency was a pain to deal with. All adult Similars were members of the Citizen Assembly of Spartans (the Apella), and as such they had the right to acclaim all matters of state policy (especially decisions on whether or not to go to war). The Spartan economy was unique amongst the Greek cities, but it reflected the lives and attitudes of this powerful kingdom. So Sparta accepted Persian money to build up the fleets necessary to bring down the Athenian navy, with the consequence that the Ionian Greeks once again became subjects to the Persian Empire. However, it wasn't the Spartans who did the producing; rather it was conquered and enslaved people called helots. Julius Eurycles” and his descendants as chief magistrates for three generations. A thief would … “…[H]e commanded that all gold and silver coin should be called in, and that only a sort of money made of iron should be current, a great weight and quantity of, which was but very little worth; so that to lay up twenty or thirty pounds there, was required a pretty large closet, and, to remove it, nothing less than a yoke, of oxen…For the iron money could not be carried into the rest of Greece, nor, had it any value there, but was rather held in ridicule.”. So, they built a currency system around large, heavy iron bars. lessons in math, English, science, history, and more. For more than a century Greece has been torn by lethal squabbles as cities change sides, betray treaties, make surprise attacks on each other, impose new forms of government or encourage treachery. A silver drachma was typically a day’s pay for a skilled worker; two obols would pay to feed a slave for one day. Spartan families were supposed to pay for their son's military training from the proceeds of their slave-run estates, but fewer and fewer could afford it. The Greek invention of politics seems like the poison in the brew. They fought with spears and… One of these things was money, even coins. The “God of War” franchise was very good for the Sony Corporation, which has had its share of ups and downs throughout the years. Thus, small production centers for many of the desirable products of the Mediterranean popped up in Spartan territories. Each iron bar was worth relatively little on its own, so trading in large amounts of money would require a cartload of iron. By relying on the labor of the helots, the Spartan citizens could devote their full attention to military training. As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 83,000 Secondhand copies can be found for a bit less. However, the Spartan concept of slavery was very different from other Greek cities. League coinage for Sparta is relatively scarce, suggesting that the population and economy of the city had declined sharply. These coins are known today as “Roman Provincial” or “Greek Imperial”. To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. Sociology 110: Cultural Studies & Diversity in the U.S. CPA Subtest IV - Regulation (REG): Study Guide & Practice, Properties & Trends in The Periodic Table, Solutions, Solubility & Colligative Properties, Electrochemistry, Redox Reactions & The Activity Series, Distance Learning Considerations for English Language Learner (ELL) Students, Roles & Responsibilities of Teachers in Distance Learning. And gave outsiders access to the Spartans were serious contenders in the.. Was killed in 265 BCE to exceedingly rare and command high prices when they appear at.... Rare silver obols, suggesting that the population and economy of the tetradrachm of Areus sold for over 60,000... 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