The 18,000 U.S. Marines sent to ...read more, On June 15, 1944, during the Pacific Campaign of World War II (1939-45), U.S. Marines stormed the beaches of the strategically significant Japanese island of Saipan, with a goal of gaining a crucial air base from which the U.S. could launch its new long-range B-29 bombers ...read more, The Battle of Okinawa (April 1, 1945-June 22, 1945) was the last major battle of World War II, and one of the bloodiest. Rabaul is a port city on northern tip of New Britain, an island in the South Pacific off … Between 12,000 and 25,000 troops remained holed up on the island, mounting a fierce resistance to the Australian forces left in charge there after December 1944. However, many abandoned positions, tunnels, and equipment relics such as aircraft and weapons can still be found in the area. Beginning in the summer of 1943 during World War II (1939-1945), U.S. forces in the Pacific launched Operation Cartwheel, a series of amphibious assaults aimed Rabaul is a township in East New Britain province, on the island of New Britain, in the country of Papua New Guinea. [38] By mid-1943, the tide turned in favour of the Allies, who began an offensive in the Pacific, aimed at advancing north through New Guinea and the Solomon Islands. The aggressive Allied counteroffensive strategy adopted in mid-1943 called for amphibious assaults on selected Japanese-held islands as part of a drive towards the Philippines and the Japanese home islands. Subsequently, Allied operations on New Britain gradually restricted the Japanese force to the area around Rabaul. World War II: Raids on Rabaul in November 1943. This left Empress Augusta Bay, to the north, open to a landing by U.S. Marines on November 1, 1943, four days after New Zealand forces captured the tiny Treasury Islands, south of Bougainville. [9], As the Australian ground troops took up positions along the western shore of Blanche Bay where they prepared to meet the landing,[2][18] the remaining RAAF elements, consisting of two Wirraways and one Hudson, were withdrawn to Lae. [12] These forces would be supported by a large naval task force, and landing operations would be preceded by a heavy aerial campaign aimed at destroying Allied air assets in region, so that they could not interfere with the landing operations. Maphill is more than just a map gallery. The two-pronged campaign was able to neutralize Rabaul by March 1944, effectively cutting it off from the rest of Japan’s island positions in the Pacific. Encircling Rabaul, in particular, would nullify the Japanese threat from the Solomon Islands and the Bismarck Archipelago (which included New Britain), while a second prong of the Allied advance drove through the central Pacific via the Gilbert and Marshall Islands. The Australian government concluded the prisoners were marched into the jungle near Tol Plantation in small groups and were then bayoneted by Japanese soldiers. Rabaul: the Fulcrum of the South Pacific Introduction: Howdy folks, Today I would like to bring an idea for a map I have been wanting to see for a while in WT. We have reviews of the best places to see in Rabaul. General Hitoshi Imamura, headquartered at Rabaul, commanded Japan’s 17th Army in the Solomons; they were reinforced by the 18th Army, tasked with defending northern New Guinea. See Rabaul photos and images from satellite below, explore the aerial photographs of Rabaul in Papua New Guinea. The small Australian Army garrison in New Britain was built around Lieutenant Colonel Howard Carr's 700-strong 2/22nd Battalion, an Australian Imperial Force(AIF) infantry battalion. In June 1942, Japan had seized the remote, sparsely inhabited islands of Attu ...read more. Heavy fighting followed along the Kokoda Track, and around Milne Bay, before the Japanese were eventually pushed back towards Buna–Gona by early 1943. In this way, the Allies tightened their stranglehold on Rabaul, effectively neutralizing the 100,000 Japanese troops stationed there by the end of March 1944. https://www.history.com/topics/world-war-ii/battle-of-new-britain-rabaul. [2][9], A series of desperate actions followed near the beaches around Simpson Harbour, Keravia Bay and Raluana Point as the Australians attempted to turn back the attack. Rabaul lies on the eastern end of the island of New Britain. Rabaul. At the time of the battle, the town was the capital of the Australian-administered Territory of New Guinea, having been captured from the Germans in 1914. Leaflets posted by Japanese patrols or dropped from planes stated in English, "you can find neither food nor way of escape in this island and you will only die of hunger unless you surrender". Oceania. Allied planners later determined that they did not have the capacity to expand the garrison around Rabaul, nor was the naval situation conducive to reinforcing it should the garrison come under attack. After repulsing a Japanese counterattack, the Allies captured Cape Gloucester and its major airstrip by January 16, 1944, and set up a solid defensive line. After this, they sought to isolate and contain the main Japanese forces around Rabaul. [22] Six men survived these killings and later described what had happened to a Court of Inquiry. Discover the beauty hidden in the maps. This battalion formed part of Lark Force, which eventually numbered 1,400 men and was commanded by Lieutenant Colonel John Scanlan. Eight Wirraways attacked and in the ensuing fighting three RAAF planes were shot down, two crash-landed, and another was damaged. [28][26], Of the over 1,000 Australian soldiers taken prisoner, around 160 were massacred on or about 4 February 1942 in four separate incidents around Tol and Waitavalo. [8] Assessing the situation as hopeless, Scanlan ordered "every man for himself", and Australian soldiers and civilians split into small groups, up to company size, and retreated through the jungle, moving along the north and south coasts. [40] The Australians then conducted a number of other landings around the island as they conducted a limited advance north, securing a line across the base of the Gazelle Peninsula between Wide Bay and Open Bay. The capture of New Britain offered them a deep water harbour and airfields to provide protection to Truk and also to interdict Allied lines of communication between the United States and Australia. It was a strategically significant defeat of Allied forces by Japan in the Pacific campaign of World War II, with the Japanese invasion force quickly overwhelming the small Australian garrison, the majority of which was either killed or captured. Rabaul was the most heavily defended target in the southwest Pacific, ringed by 367 anti-aircraft guns. This “island-hopping” or “leapfrogging” strategy banked on the belief that isolating Japanese forces (such as those on Rabaul) would be just as effective as destroying them through direct attacks, and far less costly to Allied forces. The Second World War ended 73 years ago, but history can feel very much alive in this corner of the South Pacific. 144 [Chapter 7] Japanese forces in post-surrender Rabaul 145 duties at the newly constructed internment camps. [15] On 14 January, the Japanese force embarked at Truk and began steaming towards Rabaul as part of a naval task force, which consisted of two aircraft carriers—Kaga and Akagi—seven cruisers, 14 destroyers, and numerous smaller vessels and submarines under the command of Vice Admiral Shigeyoshi Inoue. It lies about 600 kilometres to the east of the island of New Guinea. It's a piece of the world captured in the image. To the west is Simpson Harbor and to the south is Matupi Island. Hostilities on the neighbouring island of New Ireland are usually considered to be part of the same battle. This satellite map of Rabaul is meant for illustration purposes only. The Battle of Rabaul, also known by the Japanese as Operation R, was fought on the island of New Britain in the Australian Territory of New Guinea, in January and February 1942. [3] The main tasks of the garrison were protection of Vunakanau, the main Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) airfield near Rabaul, and the nearby flying boat anchorage in Simpson Harbour, which were important for the surveillance of Japanese movements in the region. A Japanese Manga artist and his military history in Rabaul. With Japanese troops stationed in this section of the Solomon Islands, U.S. marines launched a surprise attack in August 1942 and took control of an ...read more, In late January 1944, a combined force of U.S. Marine and Army troops launched an amphibious assault on three islets in the Kwajalein Atoll, a ring-shaped coral formation in the Marshall Islands where the Japanese had established their outermost defensive perimeter in World War ...read more, The Battle of Midway was an epic clash between the U.S. Navy and the Imperial Japanese Navy that played out six months after the attack on Pearl Harbor. When Japan surrendered in August 1945, there were still around 69,000 Japanese troops in Rabaul. [9][25] The Japanese commander, Horii, tasked the 3rd Battalion, 144th Infantry Regiment with searching the southern part of the Gazelle Peninsula and securing the remaining Australians. Without supplies, their health and military effectiveness declined. For more detailed maps based on newer satellite and aerial images switch to a detailed map view. Rabaul was the major WWII japanese air base in the South Pacific. Kikuchi, Satoru, Colonel- Rabaul POW Command CO Matsuda,Saiji Major - Actively in command of the POW Camps Hirano, Einosuke, Captain, Medical Officer- conducted experimental blood tests that directly resulted in the deaths of Ensign Donald David Atkiss, USNR, and AR 2/c Richard Lanigan, USNR. [1] In March 1941, the Australians despatched a small garrison to the region, as tensions with Japan heightened. Six Australian aircrew were killed in action and five wounded. To the east is Matupi Harbor and further to the east is Tavurvur (Matupi Tavurvur). A memorial to the civilians who were killed in New Guinea during World War II is to be erected by the New Guinea Women's Clubs of Australia at Rabaul. [21] During the fighting on 23 January, the Australians lost two officers and 26 other ranks killed in action. Meanwhile, the Japanese were busy reinforcing and reorganizing their forces in the South Pacific in anticipation of an Allied offensive. [11] For the invasion, the Japanese established a brigade group based on the 55th Division. Did you know? Find what to do today, this weekend, or in January. [13], Most civilian men were forced to stay in Rabaul but women who were not necessary to the defence of the base were evacuated in December 1941, shortly before Japanese air raids began. Rabaul Tourism: Tripadvisor has 628 reviews of Rabaul Hotels, Attractions, and Restaurants making it your best Rabaul resource. 'History of U.S. Marine Corps Operations in World War II; Volume II: Isolation of Rabaul', by Henry I. Shaw, Jr. and Maj. Douglas T. Kane, USMC. By October 1943, Halsey’s forces were ready to attack Bougainville, the largest and westernmost island in the Solomon chain, located just 200 miles from Rabaul at the narrowest sea crossing. [6], Throughout 1941, the Allies had planned to build Rabaul up as a "secure fleet anchorage" with plans to establish a radar station and a strong defensive minefield; however, these plans were ultimately shelved. [41][42], Large quantities of equipment were subsequently abandoned around Rabaul after the war, and it took over two years for the Allies to repatriate the Japanese garrison that was captured after Japan surrendered. In the late 1950s, Japanese salvage companies began work to salvage many of the ship wrecks around Rabaul. Rabaul Rabaul is the former provincial capital of East New Britain in Papua New Guinea. Rabaul became a major supply base for Japanese operations in the Pacific and one of the most heavily defended positions in the theatre. Note other airfields marked on the map. In March 1941, the Australians despatched a small garrison to the region, as tensions with Japan heightened. The Australian naval base of Rabaul, on the island of New Britain, was attacked by Japan on 23 February 1942. New Zealand took the Green Islands, southeast of New Guinea, in mid-February, while U.S. forces invaded the Admiralty Islands later that month and captured the Emirau Islands by March 20. New Britain. Nevertheless, the decision was made that the garrison would remain in place to hold Rabaul as a forward observation post. Map V Rabaul and Its Airfields November 1943 Both of the small fields maintained at Rabaul by the Royal Australian Air Force were enlarged and made into major airdromes by the Japanese. Wanted: Digital copies of Group photographs, Scrapbooks, Autograph books, photo albums, newspaper clippings, letters, postcards and ephemera relating to WW2.We would like to obtain digital copies of any documents or photographs relating to WW2 you may have at home. Lakunai airfield and its hardstands and revetments occupied all the available ground on … By November 21, U.S. troops from the 3rd Marine and 37th Army Divisions had firmly established themselves on Bougainville. © 2021 A&E Television Networks, LLC. In the ensuing battle, American ships engaged thinly dispersed Japanese defenders, sinking Japanese cruisers and a destroyer while the 5th Army Air Force bombed Japanese airstrips and supported the Marine landing. [26], From mainland New Guinea, some civilians and individual officers from the Australian New Guinea Administrative Unit organised unofficial rescue missions to New Britain, and between March and May about 450 troops and civilians were evacuated by sea. [22], Only the RAAF had made evacuation plans. [7], For the Japanese, Rabaul was important because of its proximity to the Caroline Islands, which was the site of a major Imperial Japanese Navy base on Truk. In November 1944, the Australians returned to the island when advanced elements of the 5th Division landed at Jacquinot Bay on the south coast, and relieved the US 40th Infantry Division. Select from premium Rabaul Ww2 of the highest quality. In the aftermath, it took the Allies over two years to repatriate the captured Japanese soldiers, while clean up efforts continued past the late 1950s. This is not just a map. Select from premium Rabaul Ww2 of the highest quality. [24] Australian soldiers remained at large in the interior of New Britain for many weeks, but Lark Force had made no preparations for guerrilla warfare on New Britain. It was evacuated and nearly destroyed in 1994 when the nearby volcano Tavurvur erupted. [36][37] Throughout 1942 and into early 1943, the Allies and Japanese fought along the Kokoda Track, at Milne Bay and around Buna–Gona as the Japanese sought to advance south towards Port Moresby. (Historical Branch, G-3 Division, Headquarters, U.S. Marine Corps: 1963). Many relics including ships, aircraft and weapons, as well as abandoned positions and tunnels, remain in the area. Although initially ordered to turn his ground staff into infantrymen in a last-ditch effort to defend the island, Lerew insisted that they be evacuated and organised for them to be flown out by flying boat and his one remaining Hudson. The Allies lost six aircrew killed and five wounded,[17] along with 28 soldiers killed in action,[22] and over 1,000 captured. Rabaul, town of the island of New Britain, Papua New Guinea, southwestern Pacific Ocean. Rabaul lies on the eastern end of the island of New Britain. On each island they captured, the Allies constructed air bases, allowing them to block any westward movement by the Japanese. The World War II Battle of Guadalcanal was the first major offensive and a decisive victory for the Allies in the Pacific theater. Find the perfect Rabaul Ww2 stock photos and editorial news pictures from Getty Images. Through skillful deployment of land-based aircraft, the Allied force kept Japan’s planes at bay, leaving the U.S. carriers unscathed and allowing them to launch waves of torpedo- and dive-bombers against the fleet, which was forced to withdraw to distant Truk Island. "[39], Allied planners had considered capturing Rabaul, but they eventually settled on isolating it and bypassing it as part of Operation Cartwheel. Following the capture of the port of Rabaul, Japanese forces turned it into a major base and proceeded to land on mainland New Guinea, advancing toward Port Moresby. Things to Do in Rabaul, East New Britain: See Tripadvisor's 629 traveler reviews and photos of Rabaul tourist attractions. [35] Meanwhile, a handful of Lark Force members remained at large on New Britain and New Ireland and, in conjunction with the local islanders, conducted guerrilla operations against the Japanese, serving mainly as coast watchers, providing information of Japanese shipping movements. Lakunai Airfield is located to the south of Rabaul on the Gazelle Peninsula at the northeast tip of New Britain. This volume covers the operations in the Solomons and Bismarcks following the victory on Guadalcanal -- New Georgia, Bougainville, New Britain, etc. Of all the WWII stories which came out from Rabaul town, one of the most interesting accounts must be the story Shigeru Mizuki (1922-2015). The Queen Elizabeth the 2 nd memorial gates Rabaul erected as a memorial to the civilian loss of life during the Japanese occupation 1942/1944 civilian Memorial at Rabaul . The 3D satellite map represents one of many map types and styles available. The Australians tried to restrict Rabaul's development soon after its capture by a bombing counter-attack in March. On December 15, Allied troops landed at Arawe, on the southwestern coast of New Britain, diverting Japanese focus from Cape Gloucester, on the northwestern coast, in time for a major Allied landing there on December 26. Once the aircraft had departed with a number of wounded, the Australians destroyed the airfield. Get free map for your website. Location Lat 4° 12' 0S Long 152° 10' 60E Rabaul is located on the Gazelle Peninsula at the northeastern tip of New Britain Island. Plane wreckage litters the island. The Allies of World War II conducted an air attack upon a cruiser force at the major Japanese base of Rabaul in November 1943. In the Tolia language, Rabaul means mangrove, which grew in the area before the arrival of Europeans. All Rights Reserved. Subscribe for fascinating stories connecting the past to the present. He was a Japanese manga artist and historian, best known for his manga series GeGeGe no … The 2/1st Independent Company had been dispersed around the island and the Japanese took the main town of Kavieng without opposition; after a sharp fight around the airfield the commandos fell back towards the Sook River. [8] Following the capture of Guam, the South Seas Detachment, under Major General Tomitaro Horii, was tasked with capturing Kavieng and Rabaul,[9] as part of "Operation R". At the nearby Waitavalo Plantation, another group of Australian prisoners were shot. [20] The 3rd Battalion, 144th Infantry Regiment, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Kuwada Ishiro, was held up at Vulcan Beach by a mixed company of Australians from the 2/22nd and the NGVR, but elsewhere the other two battalions of the South Seas Force were able to land at unguarded locations and began moving inland. [43][44], Australian New Guinea Administrative Unit, "The defence of the 'Malay barrier': Rabaul and Ambon, January 1942", Queensland Ex-POW Reparation Committee 1990, "The sinking of Montevideo Maru, 1 July 1942", "Japanese Operations in the Southwest Pacific Area, Volume II – Part I", United States Army Center of Military History, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Battle_of_Rabaul_(1942)&oldid=999163674, South West Pacific theatre of World War II, Battles of World War II involving Australia, Battles and operations of World War II involving Papua New Guinea, Short description is different from Wikidata, Papua New Guinea articles missing geocoordinate data, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 January 2021, at 20:14. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. Check flight prices and hotel availability for your visit. 24 Squadron. The small Australian Army garrison in New Britain was built around Lieutenant Colonel Howard Carr's 700-strong 2/22nd Battalion, an Australian Imperial Force (AIF) infantry battalion. [9] The Japanese eventually extended their control across New Britain, establishing airfields at Cape Gloucester on the island's western tip and several small outposts along the coast to provide stop-over points for small boats travelling between Rabaul and New Guinea. Lae, on the northern New Guinea coast, fell in mid-September; U.S. forces then seized Saidor, opposite Cape Gloucester, on the westernmost tip of New Britain. Visit top-rated & must-see attractions. [29][30] The Allies later placed responsibility for the incident on Masao Kusunose, the commanding officer of the 144th Infantry Regiment, but in late 1946 he starved himself to death before he could stand trial. The ratio of personnel engaged in food production had never been as low as indicated in this list, even during the war when the soldiers could spare little time to work the fields. The U.S. Navy’s decisive victory in the air-sea battle (June 3-6, 1942) and its successful defense of the major base located at ...read more, On September 15, 1944, U.S. Marines fighting in World War II (1939-45) landed on Peleliu, one of the Palau Islands of the western Pacific. At the end of April 1943, the Allies developed their plan for encircling Rabaul, codenamed “Operation Cartwheel.” It called for MacArthur to approach Rabaul from the southwest, through New Guinea and the southern Bismarcks, while Halsey would advance through the Solomons, forming two pincers that would close in on the Japanese base. Borders Simpson Harbor and Sulpher Creek and Lakuani Airfield to the south and Matupi Island to the southeast. The island saw particularly fierce air battles/bombings and was host to an especially nasty prisoner of war camp for American soldiers. Planners, who had been flown from Guam to Truk, determined three possible schemes of manoeuvre based on these dispositions: a landing near Kokop, aimed at establishing a beachhead; a landing on the north coast of Rabaul, followed by a drive on Rabaul from behind the main defences; or a multi-pronged landing focused on capturing the airfields and centre of the town. [9] On 20 January, over 100 Japanese aircraft attacked Rabaul in multiple waves. By late November 1943 the Japanese force in Rabaul had been reduced by airpower, with a large raid being mounted from the aircraft carriers Saratoga and Princeton on 5 November. In conjunction with MacArthur’s advance in New Guinea, Halsey’s forces were closing in on the Japanese at Rabaul. General Douglas MacArthur led the Allied advance through New Guinea, while Admiral William “Bull” Halsey led a simultaneous northward advance in the Solomon Islands. Aviation navigational Approach Map to designed guide strike aircraft to Lakunai Aerodrome at Rabaul, New Britain, Bismarck Islands. After the odds facing the Australians mounted significantly, the RAAF commander, Lerew, signalled RAAF HQ in Melbourne with the Latin motto "Nos Morituri Te Salutamus" ("we who are about to die salute you"),[14] the phrase uttered by gladiators in ancient Rome before entering combat. Map dated Aug 7, 1943. At the time of the battle, the town was the capital of the Australian-administered Territory of New Guinea, having been captured from the Germans in 1914. Hillshading is used to create a three-dimensional effect that provides a sense of land relief. Rabaul is the former provincial capital of East New Britain in Papua New Guinea. By the end of the war, there was still a sizeable garrison at Rabaul, with large quantities of equipment that were subsequently abandoned. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! Rabaul was significant because of its proximity to the Japanese territory of the Caroline Islands, site of a major Imperial Japanese Navy base on Truk. It is situated on Simpson Harbour, part of Blanche Bay, on the Gazelle Peninsula. Invaded and used as a Japanese military base in 1942, the Bay of Rabaul… From July 10 through October 31, 1940, pilots and support crews on both sides took to the ...read more, In the Battle of Tarawa (November 20-23, 1943) during World War II (1939-45), the U.S. began its Central Pacific Campaign against Japan by seizing the heavily fortified, Japanese-held island of Betio in the Tarawa Atoll in the Gilbert Islands. Get directions, maps, and traffic for Rabaul, . Over the next several weeks, ferocious Japanese resistance inflicted heavy casualties on U.S. troops before the Americans were finally able ...read more, The Battle of Britain in World War II was between Britain’s Royal Air Force (RAF) and the Luftwaffe, Nazi Germany’s air force, and was the first battle in history fought solely in the air. Allied attempts to damage the base gave rise to savage sea, air, and land engagements from 1942 to 1945, claiming hundreds of planes and pilots. They eventually settled upon the third option. [9] Notwithstanding these efforts, Allied losses, particularly in relation to personnel captured, were very high and casualties during the fighting for Rabaul in early 1942 were heavily in favour of the Japanese. [16][9] As a result of the intense air attacks, Australian coastal artillery was destroyed and Australian infantry were withdrawn from Rabaul itself. Find the perfect Rabaul Ww2 stock photos and editorial news pictures from Getty Images. In December 1943, U.S. Marines and Army soldiers landed in western New Britain at Arawe and Cape Gloucester. This batt… Rabaul was the provincial capital and most important settlement in the province until it was destroyed in 1994 by falling ash from a volcanic eruption in its harbor. Rabaul from Mapcarta, the free map. However, the RAAF contingent, under Wing Commander John Lerew, had little offensive capability, with only 10 lightly armed CAC Wirraway training aircraft and four Lockheed Hudson light bombers from No. [6] That night, the invasion fleet approached Rabaul and before dawn on 23 January, the South Seas Force entered Simpson Harbour and a force of around 5,000 troops, mainly from the 144th Infantry Regiment, commanded by Colonel Masao Kusunose, began to land on New Britain. According to author Eric Larrabee, "thereafter no Japanese heavy ships ever came to Rabaul. This place is situated in East New Britain, Papua New Guinea, its geographical coordinates are 4° 12' 0" South, 152° 11' 0" East and its original name (with diacritics) is Rabaul. [3] Starting on 4 January 1942, Rabaul came under attack by large numbers of Japanese carrier-based aircraft. Meanwhile, the Marines at Bougainville launched a series of intensive air raids against Rabaul. Map depicting the Allied landings on Kiska Island, Aleutian Islands, US Territory of Alaska, 15-16 Aug 1943 Interesting WW2 facts you may not know about Rabaul, Kavieng and the Papua New Guinea Islands • In 1941 a small Australian Army garrison of 1,400 personnel, known as ‘Lark Force’, consisting of the 2/22nd Battalion and supporting units, was sent to Rabaul, New Britain, to protect its airfields and seaplane anchorages and act as a link In addition, Halsey ordered an attack against the powerful Japanese fleet just as it set forth from Rabaul–a risky gamble, as it put a two-carrier American task force in range of Japan’s huge air power. [23] In the days that followed the capture of Rabaul, the Japanese began mopping up operations, starting on 24 January. [6], For the Japanese, the capture of Rabaul was followed with further operations on mainland New Guinea, beginning with operations to capture the Salamaua–Lae region beginning in March 1942. [10], Japanese planning began with aerial reconnaissance of the town, which sought to identify the dispositions of the defending troops. [32][14][33], According to Japanese author Kengoro Tanaka, the operation to capture Rabaul was the only operation of the New Guinea campaign that was completely successful for the Japanese. [27] Against this, the Japanese lost only 16 killed and 49 wounded. Papua New Guinea. Welcome to the Rabaul google satellite map! [31][8] At least 800 soldiers and 200 civilian prisoners of war—most of them Australian—lost their lives on 1 July 1942, when the ship on which they were being transported from Rabaul to Japan, the Montevideo Maru, was sunk off the north coast of Luzon by the U.S. submarine USS Sturgeon. Then bayoneted by Japanese soldiers and 49 wounded hours, Lakunai Airfield is located to the south is Matupi to! Only 16 killed and 49 wounded today, this is a Japanese bomber Australians destroyed Airfield! 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